Preparations for Brexit in social security provision and pharmaceutical service
The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, together with other authorities and actors, has prepared for the United Kingdom’s withdrawal from the European Union (or Brexit). In a vote held on 15 January, the British Parliament rejected the UK withdrawal agreement from the European Union. The result of the vote does not mean an immediate withdrawal without any agreement. Further plans of the United Kingdom are expected to be announced within the next few days.
Brexit may affect social security
Different rules apply to the payment of social security benefits between two countries depending on whether the other country is an EU member state or a country outside the EU. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU may – depending on how the withdrawal will be implemented – affect the rights to social security of persons who have moved between Finland and the United Kingdom.
The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health has, in cooperation with the Social Insurance Institution of Finland and the Finnish Centre for Pensions, looked into the various aspects regarding the right to social security of persons who move or have moved between Finland and the United Kingdom, such as students, pensioners and posted workers. Brexit may affect the payment of benefits to Finnish people in the United Kingdom, and the social security of UK citizens living in Finland. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, the Social Insurance Institution of Finland and the Finnish Centre for Pensions will provide more information as soon as it becomes available.
Pharmaceutical sector cooperates to prevent abnormal situations in pharmaceutical service
Brexit may affect the availability of some medicines and medical devices in the EU. The Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, together with pharmaceutical sector’s authorities and stakeholders, has explored the potential abnormal situations and the related risks. Steps have been taken for several months to prepare for various scenarios.
“If any problems arise, pharmaceutical companies, pharmaceutical wholesalers and pharmacies will work with health care professionals to identify substituting products in order to ensure uninterrupted care to patients,” says Tuija Kumpulainen, Director General.
In order to be granted marketing authorisation in the EU, medicines must meet the standards specified by the EU. If marketing authorisation has been granted in the UK, the pharmaceutical company in question must take steps to transfer the authorisation to another EU country. According to the Finnish Medicines Agency, the majority of pharmaceutical companies have already transferred their marketing authorisations or activities to an EU or EEA country to make sure their operations can continue normally after Brexit.
Brexit could also affect the availability of medical devices. An authorisation procedure similar to the one required for medicines is not required for medical devices, but all devices available in the markets must conform to EU legislation, and the manufacturers are required to have responsible entities in EU member states. According to the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health, many device manufacturers have already moved their operations to other EU member states, or plan to do so. This way they can largely ensure the availability of devices in the future.
Situation updates will be provided, and cooperation with other actors in the pharmaceutical and medical device industry will continue in order to effectively manage the availability of medicines and medical devices.
Information about Brexit (VNK)
Preparations for Brexit well underway in the pharmaceutical industry (Fimea news 20 December 2018)
Marja-Terttu Mäkiranta, Senior Ministerial Adviser, Legal Affairs, tel. +358 295 163 170, [email protected] (EU social welfare legislation)
Elina Asola, Senior Specialist, tel. +358 295 163 437, [email protected] (pharmaceutical service)
Merituuli Mähkä, Ministerial Adviser, tel. +358 295 163 575, [email protected] (medical devices)