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Expenditure

Social expenditure mainly comprises

  • pensions
  • health insurance and
  • unemployment security spending, as well as
  • social and healthcare costs covered by tax reserves.
Private insurance, social and health care patient and client fees or personal liability in health insurance are not calculated in social expenditure.

Social spending in Finland was

  • 63.2 billion euros in 2013
  • 66.1 billion euros in 2014
  • 66.3 billion euros in 2015.

In 2015, social expenditure constituted 31.6 per cent of GDP. This is 0.3 percentage points less than 2014.The GDP share of social protection expenditure in Finland is slightly above the EU average. The per capita social protection expenditure adjusted by purchasing power parity is also higher than the EU average.

Financing expenditure 

Social protection in Finland is financed as follows (2015):

  • employers pay 34.4 %
  • insured pay 13.3 %
  • the state pays 26.5 %
  • municipalities pay 20.8 %

The remaining 6% is covered by return of social protection funds.

In Finland, statistics on social expenditure are produced by the National Institute for Health and Welfare(THL).

Finland's social expenditure for the years 2013-2015

 

YEAR

 2013  2014 2015

GDP, million €

 203,3  205,5 209,5

 

     

Social expenditure as a percentage of GDP

 31,1  31,9 31,6

 

     

Social expenditure, million €

     

Illness and health

 15 223  15 421 15 257

Disability

 6 927 6 971 6 752

Old age

 23 631  24 837 25 909

Widow and other relatives

 1 802 1 803 1 754

Family and children

 6 541 6 550 6 618

Unemployment

 4 597 5 249 5 561

Housing

 1 138 1240 1 450

Other social security

 1 814 1 845 1 849

Administration

 1 645 1 637 1 153

Total

 63 317 65 553 66 301

 

     

Distribution of social expenditure by target group, %

     

Illness and health

 24,0  23,5 23,0

Disability

 10,9  10,6 10,2

Old age

 37,3  37,9 39,1

Widow and other relatives

 2,8  2,8 2,6

Family and children

 10,3  10,0 10,0

Unemployment

 7,3  8,0 8,4
Housing  1,8  1,9 2,2

Other social security

 2,9  2,8 2,8

Administration

 2,6  2,5 1,7

Total

 100  100 100

 

     

Financing of social expenditure, %

     

State

 27,9  27,7 26,5

Municipalities

 19,5  19,5 20,8

Employers

 34,5  34,7 34,4

Total insured

 12,5  13,0 13,3

Income

 5,5  5,1 5,0

Total

 100  100 100

 

Further information