The MSAH takes a leading role in promoting smoke-free and tobacco control initiatives in Finland. It is responsible for the implementation of the Tobacco Act, which stipulates measures to reduce smoking. The Tobacco Act's regulations are overseen by the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health. The National Institute for Health and Welfare and the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health are the main specialist bodies in activities to reduce smoking.
The main activities carried out to reduce tobacco use are to:
- keep the prices of tobacco products as high as possible
- promote smoke-free environments
- prohibit the sales promotion and advertising of tobacco products
- limit the availability of tobacco products
- regulate the content of tobacco products (nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide levels) and use warnings on produce packaging
- inform and communicate supporting non-smoking
- support for giving up smoking
The new Tobacco Act entered into force 15th August 2016.
A working group, appointed by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, has proposed a road map for ending the use of tobacco and other nicotine products in Finland by 2030. It would mean that less than 5% of the adult population use tobacco and nicotine products daily. Reaching this goal, recorded in the Tobacco Act, requires that the future governments monitor and assess tobacco policy and develop new measures.
- Proposals for action by the working group, Development of tobacco and nicotine policy (Reports and memorandums of the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 46/2018)
EU regulation and cooperation
The Finnish tobacco legislation considering the composition of tobacco products, quality control, import, sale and advertising restrictions is based on EU regulation.
The new Tobacco Directive entered into force 19.5.2014.
- Directive 2014/40/EU of the European Parliament and of the council on the approximation of the laws, regulations and administrative provisions of the Member States concerning the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products and repealing Directive 2001/37/EC
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)
Finland ratified the WHO's FCTC in December 2004. The Framework Convention is used in Finland to guide the course of tobacco control.