Measure 2

Residence-based social security

Residence-based social security means social security benefits and healthcare and social welfare services where eligibility for such benefits and services is, under Finnish legislation, based on permanent residence in Finland. Residence-based social security includes benefits handled by the Social Insurance Institution (Kela) and municipalities, for example income security and child benefits.

The main focus of the project is on benefits administrated by Kela. Other residence-based benefits are examined in terms of their interfaces.

The project comprises the following three parts:

  • a legislative project 
  • a study on the costs of immigration
  • a report on creating an integration system for those who have been granted asylum.


Legislative project: determination of the country responsible for providing residence-based social security in international situations

Assessment of the grounds, principles of determining the country responsible for, and appropriateness of non-earnings related benefits and other benefits paid to beneficiaries abroad under Finnish legislation on residence-based social security. Analysis of the needs to clarify and amend social security legislation, taking into consideration European Union legislation on the coordination of social security. A government proposal on changes to residence-based social security is to be submitted in autumn 2018.

  • Investigating the criteria for the beginning and ending of eligibility for residence-based social security of persons entering and leaving Finland.
  • Examining the possibilities of introducing a progressive scale in social security for a fixed period.
  • Charting and analysing the needs to amend Finnish national legislation, and making proposals for the amendments.
  • Examining also the connections between immigration legislation and social security legislation.
  • Analysing the impact of EU and other international law on Finnish national legislation.
  • For the part of EU law, investigating the grounds for Finland's strategic and more detailed objectives in developing EU legislation on social security.



Study on the costs of immigration

The study on the costs of immigration has been published.

Report on creating an integration system for those who have been granted asylum

The report was began in autumn 2015, and a preliminary study that was part of it was completed in November 2015. The preliminary study was prepared by the Ministry of Employment and the Economy, the Ministry of Justice, the Ministry for Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. The study was used as a starting point for drafting a government bill amending the Unemployment Security Act and the Act on the Promotion of Immigrant Integration in keeping with the government policies. The government proposal on these issues was submitted to Parliament 29.9.2016. The Government has cancelled the proposal of the intergration system for those who have been granted asylum 24 November 2016.

Further information:

Essi Rentola, Director, tel. +358 2951 63155,

Determination of the country responsible for providing residence-based social security in international situations and the study on the costs of immigration:
Henna Huhtamäki,  Ministerial Adviser, tel. +358 2951 63072, (N.B. no Scandinavian letters å, ä or ö)