The Alliance for Country Assessments for Global Health Security and IHR implementation
The gaps in the national systems for preparedness and response need to be thoroughly mapped in order for countries to be able to build national action plans for the improvement of health systems.
A method for this is the joint external evaluation (JEE) tool that is based on the evaluation process developed in the framework of the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA). The World Health Organization WHO adopted the JEE tool in February 2016.
The JEE process helps countries in implementing the International Health Regulations (IHR) through providing information about the gaps in countries’ health security capacities. The evaluation can be used to develop a multi-sectoral country plan. Ultimately, the JEE process and the ensuing country plans can help prevent the next health emergency.
WHO’s voluntary Joint External Evaluation (JEE)
The JEE process is voluntary and initiated at the request of a country. The aim is to help the country draw up a plan for building health security capacity across sectors.
Countries undergoing an assessment are committed to developing a plan for strengthening IHR core capacities based on the findings of the assessment. The reports from the JEE assessments are made publicly available.
The WHO is responsible for the coordination and technical support of the JEE missions and the JEE Tool. WHO organizes the scheduling and practical arrangements of the JEEs in collaboration between the global, regional and country levels of the Organization.
Teams for missions are drawn from rosters of international experts identified independently for their expertise and availability to join the missions. The JEE process takes into account a multisectoral approach by both the external teams and the host countries. Transparency and openness of data and information sharing is promoted.
The Alliance for Country Assessments for Global Health Security and IHR Implementation has been established to give political, financial and technical support to WHO and countries in the coordination and implementation of the Joint External Evaluations.
The Alliance serves as a platform for discussion and exchange of views and experiences among partners to facilitate engagement between countries and other relevant organizations and stakeholders involved in health security.
It is open to all countries, international organizations, financial institutions and non-governmental actors willing to support external assessments and capacity building for health security.
The Alliance provides a forum for exchanging information, especially linking the external assessments with country plans and the country plans with external funding.
The first meeting of the Alliance was convened in Geneva in May 2016. The next meeting will be organized in Geneva in conjunction with the WHO Executive Board meeting in January 2017.
Countries and organizations participating
The Alliance includes but is not restricted to countries participating in the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA). The following countries and organizations have signed up for the Alliance:
Australia, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Canada, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Finland, Gambia, Georgia, Indonesia, Italy, Kenya, Malawi, Nepal, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Peru, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, the Netherlands, the United States, Uganda, African Development Bank (ADB), African Field Epidemiology Network (AFENET), Asia Pacific Leaders Malaria Alliance (APLMA), Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Centers for Disease Control Foundation, Center for Global Health Science and Security of Georgetown University, Doctors of the World, Eastern Mediterranean Public Health Network (EMPHNET), Elizabeth R Griffin Research Foundation, GHSA Private Sector Roundtable, Mekong Basin Disease Surveillance (MBDS), Next Generation Global Health Security Network, No More Epidemics Campaign, Open Philanthropy Project, PATH, Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions Network (TEPHINET),UN Foundation, FAO, ICAO, OIE, UNISDR, WHO, World Bank.
The Alliance remains open to all countries, international organizations, financial institutions and non-governmental actors willing to support external assessments and capacity building for health security.
The Alliance is supported by a multi-stakeholder Advisory Group that consists of representatives of constituencies drawn from the members of the Alliance. The Advisory Group consists of 12 countries (two from each region), four non-governmental organizations and foundations; and four multilateral organizations as permanent members (WHO, OIE, FAO, World Bank).
The alternating Advisory Group members for the first two-year term are:
Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Finland, Georgia, Indonesia, Pakistan, Peru, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Uganda, the United States, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Elisabeth R Griffin Foundation (Chair of the GHSA NGO Consortium), No More Epidemics Campaign, and Training Programs in Epidemiology and Public Health Interventions Network (TEPHINET).
The Strategic Partnership Portal (SPP)
The Strategic Partnership Portal is a Member State mandated information-sharing web portal designed to enhance communication between countries, donors and partners, and WHO with regard to financial and technical support provided to countries. It aims to monitor and map all contributions from donors and partners – financial, technical, in-kind and in-service – to facilitate the alignment of efforts in-country and to reveal possibilities for collaboration.
The SPP is a one-stop portal to facilitate the sharing of information about current and future activities and investments to allow a more coherent, coordinated approach and more informed investment decisions.
WHO External assessments, JEE Secretariat
Dr Guenael Rodier (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Dr Rajesh Sreedharan (email@example.com)
Dr Xing Jun (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Mr Ludy Suryantoro (email@example.com)
Ms Outi Kuivasniemi (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Mr Pasi Mustonen (email@example.com)
Dr Eero Lahtinen (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Ms Kaisa Lähdepuro (email@example.com)