Information about Brexit
Under the withdrawal agreement, the UK’s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020 marked the start of a transition period that lasted until the end of 2020. During the transition period, the UK continued to function largely as though it were still a member of the EU.
The EU and the UK negotiated the terms of their new relationship over the course of 2020. The outcome of the negotiations was the EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement, which will apply provisionally as of 1 January 2021.
More information is available on the website of the Prime Minister’s Office:
- Information about Brexit (vnk.fi)
Health and social services
Both the withdrawal agreement and the new EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement affect the rights to social security and medical care of persons moving between Finland and the UK. A person can fall under the scope of one agreement or the other depending on their situation.
Persons subject to the withdrawal agreement
After the transition period, the withdrawal agreement will safeguard the rights of persons who have moved between a Member State and the UK before 1 January 2021. They will retain their rights to social security in accordance with EU legislation for life or for as long as they are connected to both the Member State and the UK simultaneously. These persons include: UK citizens living in Finland and Finnish citizens living in the UK as of 31 December 2020 who intend to continue living in that country.
The right to social security is based on whether the person is staying or working in Finland and legally resident here. UK citizens are responsible for applying for a right of residence under the withdrawal agreement. UK citizens with a right of residence will retain their right to benefits provided by Kela and to municipal health and social services. More information on applying for a right of residence and on application deadlines is available on the website of the Finnish Immigration Service.
Finnish posted workers who continue to work in the UK after 1 January 2021 will retain their rights and continue to be subject to EU legislation. A1 certificates will remain valid until their expiry date. For more information, please visit the Finnish Centre for Pensions (ETK) website.
After the transition period, the withdrawal agreement will guarantee the right to medical care for persons who have moved between a Member State and the UK before 1 January 2021. These persons include: Students continuing their studies in the UK; posted workers continuing their work in the UK, along with their family members. These persons are entitled to essential care under the same conditions as local residents. They can demonstrate their rights using a provisional replacement certificate for the European Health Insurance Card, which Kela will provide on request.
Persons travelling from the UK to Finland who are covered by the withdrawal agreement can prove their right to essential medical care using a card issued by the UK that corresponds to the European Health Insurance Card. More information is available (in Finnish and Swedish) on the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health website.
Persons subject to the Trade and Cooperation Agreement
The EU–UK Trade and Cooperation Agreement lays down provisions on social security that safeguard the rights to social security of persons moving between the EU and the UK as of 1 January 2021 and thereafter who have not previously been in a cross-border situation.
The Agreement applies to pensions, medical care, occupational injury and illness compensation and unemployment benefits, but not to family benefits. The provisions are similar to those that apply to the coordination of social security between the EU Member States. For example, the coordination of pension payments and pension application processes between the UK and the Member States will remain unchanged.
Persons travelling to and temporarily staying in the UK who have not been in a cross-border situation before 1 January 2021 are entitled to essential medical care. Care is provided under the same conditions as for local residents. Persons can demonstrate their right to care using a European Health Insurance Card issued by Kela. Persons travelling to Finland from the UK can prove their right to care using a certificate issued by the UK. More information on the form of the certificate will be provided as it becomes available.
Effects of Brexit on the services of the Finnish Centre for Pensions
More information on the effects of Brexit on employment pensions, for example, is available on the website of the Finnish Centre for Pensions:
- Regulations on social security of workers posted to Great Britain will change as of 1 January 2021
- Brexit and working abroad
Effects of Brexit on benefits provided by Kela
The website of the Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) provides information on the effects of Brexit on Kela benefits, such as national pensions, financial aid to students and medical care.
Finnish Medicines Agency (Fimea) on bringing medicines to Finland
Information on professional practice rights on the website of the National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health
Read more about the effects of Brexit on the professional practice rights within health and social services:
Products for work use
Information on the effects of Brexit on products intended for use at work is available on the website of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment.
- The impacts of Brexit on business and industry (website of the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment)