Basic income pilot study
The basic income experiment was part of the key project ‘Services to be based on customer needs’ of Prime Minister Juha Sipilä’s Government. Its aim was to explore whether basic income could be used to reform the social security system so as to reduce incentive traps relating to working. The Government aims to foster an experimental culture, and the basic income experiment was one of the Government’s six ongoing experiments.
The experiment was being implemented in phases
The basic income experiment was being implemented in phases. It started with a survey project on the implementation of basic income, carried out by a group of researchers from the Research Department of the Social Insurance (Kela) and from other research institutes. The group was chaired by Professor Olli Kangas from Kela. The research group published its preliminary report on 30 March 2016 and its final report on 16 December 2016.
An act enabling the basic income experiment entered into force on 1 January 2017. The experiment started at the beginning of 2017. The primary goal of the basic income experiment was related to employment promotion. The experiment, including a follow-up research, aims to found out whether basic income promotes employment. It was implemented by Kela. The experiment ended on 31 December 2018.
- Basic income experiment in Finland - What are the first results? (youtube)
- Video record of the event (in English)
- Kela (Thel Social Insurance Institution of Finaland): Experimental study on a universal basic income
- Video: Rationale of the basic income trial
- Report: The basic income experiment 2017–2018 in Finland. Preliminary results.
- Report: From idea to experiment - Preliminary report on alternatives for implementing a basic income experiment (in Finnish)
- Kela: From idea to experiment. Report on universal basic income experiment in Finland
- Preliminary results of the basic income experiment: self-perceived wellbeing improved, during the first year no effects on employment (press release 8.2.2019)
- Pirkko Mattila, Minister of Social Affairs and Health: Implementation of the basic income experiment shows courage (press release 8.2.2019)
- Research group recommends expansion of basic income experiment (press release 16.12.2016)
- From idea to experiment - preliminary report on a universal basic income completed (press release 30.3.2016)
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health:
Essi Rentola, Director tel. +358 2951 63155, [email protected]
Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, (legislation concerning the basic income experiment):
Liisa Siika-aho, Director tel. +358 2951 63085, [email protected]
The Government's survey and research activities
Sari Löytökorpi, Project Manager tel. +358 2951 60187, [email protected]